Digitaria ternata (A. Rich.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Cynodon ternatus A. Rich.
Panicum phaeocarpum var. gracile Nees
Panicum ternatum (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Steud.
Common names:
An annual with loosely caespitose or solitary culms. Culms 20–60 cm., erect, glabrous or rarely loosely hairy, nodes dark and glabrous. Leaf sheaths glabrous. Ligule 1–1.5 mm. long, rounded. Leaf laminae 2–20 × 0.1–0.5 cm., linear, flat, glabrous to loosely hairy on both sides, scabrous along the often crisped margin. Inflorescence composed of 2–5 racemes, (5)8–12(15) cm. long, solitary along a short common axis. Rhachis triquetrous, broadly winged, 0.5–1 mm. broad, smooth with smooth or scabrous margins. Pedicels 3-nate, 0.5–2 mm. long, terete to compressed, scabrous, conspicuously broadened at the apex, bearing a well developed coronula of large, broad hairs up to 0.8 mm. long. Spikelets 1.9–2.6 mm. long, oblong. Inferior glume absent. Superior glume c. 2/3 of the spikelet, oblong, 3-nerved, hyaline, appressed hairy, hairs white, capitate-apiculate. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong with recurved margins, 5-nerved, hyaline, appressed hairy. Superior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong, acute, pale to dark brown.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Weed of arable land, disturbed sites.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa, extending eastwards to China and Indonesia
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 342.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 142 - 144. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 36.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Other sources of information about Digitaria ternata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Digitaria ternata
Flora of Mozambique: Digitaria ternata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Digitaria ternata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria ternata
African Plant Database: Digitaria ternata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria ternata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria ternata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Digitaria ternata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Digitaria ternata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria ternata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Digitaria ternata
iNaturalist: Digitaria ternata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria ternata
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria ternata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Digitaria ternata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Digitaria ternata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria ternata
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria ternata
Tropicos: Digitaria ternata
Wikipedia: Digitaria ternata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-21

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2021). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Digitaria ternata.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107770, retrieved 20 October 2021

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