Commiphora marlothii Engl.

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Commiphora marlothii

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Common names:
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. The distinct smooth bark is strongly aromatic and peels in large papery sheets revealing a bright green fresh layer underneath. Leaves imparipinnate with 3 - 4 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet. Leaflets oblong to obovate, finely velvety, particularly below; margins scalloped or toothed. Flowers in axillary compact heads, small, yellow, produced with the new leaves. Fruit, fleshy, elliptic, green, splitting to reveal a yellow or red pseudo-aril.
Type location:
Syntypes from Zimbabwe, Matobo
Derivation of specific name: marlothii: named after H.W.R. Marloth (1855-1931) South African pharmacist and botanist.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Northern Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 5 January 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 371. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 55 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 249.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 102 - 103. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 42.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 30 - 31. Erroneously as Commiphora fischeri (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1963). Burseraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 275 - 276. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Commiphora marlothii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora marlothii
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora marlothii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commiphora marlothii
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Commiphora marlothii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commiphora marlothii
African Plant Database: Commiphora marlothii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commiphora marlothii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora marlothii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commiphora marlothii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Commiphora marlothii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora marlothii
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora marlothii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commiphora marlothii
Plants of the World Online: Commiphora marlothii
Tropicos: Commiphora marlothii
Wikipedia: Commiphora marlothii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Commiphora marlothii., retrieved 24 July 2024

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