4151.000 Commiphora Jacq.

Description of the genus

Dioecious (rarely monoecious) shrubs or trees, often spiny, outer bark often papery or peeling, inner bark greenish, often secreting aromatic resin. Flowers unisexual (rarely bisexual), usually appearing before or with the leaves. Calyx 4-lobed. Petals 4, free, spreading or recurved at apex. Stamens 8, vestigial in female flowers. Ovary 2(-3)-locular, style short, stigma capitate. Fruit containing a single stone, outer layer fleshy or leathery, splitting into 2 longitudinal valves to reveal the inner layer, attached to which is usually a pseudaril, which is often brightly coloured.

Worldwide: 190 species in warm Africa, Madagascar, Arabia to Sri lanka, Mexico and S America

Zambia: 19 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
africana (A. Rich.) Engl.[Agg]Description, Image
africana (A. Rich.) Engl. var. africana B,N,W,SCb,Lp,S,WDescription
africana (A. Rich.) Engl. var. rubriflora (Engl.) WildNN
angolensis Engl.BWDescription
caerulea BurttSDescription, Image
edulis (Klotzsch) Engl. subsp. edulis C,E,SE,Lk,SDescription
eminii Engl. subsp. zimmermannii (Engl.) J.B.Gillett NN
glandulosa SchinzB,SCb,E,S,WDescription, Image
karibensis WildC,SLkDescription, Image
madagascariensis Jacq.NLp
marlothii Engl.N,SN,SDescription, Image
mollis (Oliv.) Engl.B,W,C,SNw,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
mossambicensis (Oliv.) Engl.N,SN,Lk,SDescription, Image
pedunculata (Kotschy & Peyr.) Engl. N,ELp,E
pteleifolia Engl. N
pyracanthoides Engl. subsp. pyracanthoides Image
schimperi (O. Berg) Engl.LkDescription, Image
ugogensis Engl.SSDescription, Image
viminea Burtt Davy.SDescription, Image

Other sources of information about Commiphora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Commiphora
Flora of Caprivi: Commiphora
Flora of Malawi: Commiphora
Flora of Mozambique: Commiphora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commiphora

External websites:

ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network) taxonomy for plants report for Commiphora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Commiphora.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=811, retrieved 27 May 2019

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