Polyscias fulva (Hiern) Harms

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Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd near Genaina Lodge.

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Fallen tree in Castleburn Forest

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Old hotel site near Best Kept Secret cottages, Vumba

Polyscias fulva

Picture: Bart Wursten
Edge of camp site, Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polyscias malosana Harms
Common names:
Status: Native
Large evergreen tree with a straight trunk, branches forming at high level. Leaves large up to 80 cm long, imparipinnate with 9-12 pairs of leaflets, terminal leaflet sometimes absent; leaflets, more or less narrowly ovate, 9-16 cm long, dark green and hairless above, covered in rusty-cream stellate hairs below; apex pointed; base lobed, clasping the rhachis; margin entire. Flowers small creamy-green, honey-scented in large, loose axillary heads. Fruit ovoid, up to 6 × 4 mm, ribbed, crowned with the remains of the styles.
Type location:
Fernando Po
Derivation of specific name: fulva: tawny, reddish-yellow
Habitat: A tree of montane forest and forest margins, particularly as a pioneer in clearings.
Altitude range: Up to 2500 m
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widely distributed throughout tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bamps, P. (1974). Contribution à l'étude des Araliacées africaines Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 44(1/2) Pages 122 - 124.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 78. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 719. (Includes a picture).

Cannon, J.F.M. (1978). Araliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 625 - 627. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 845 - 846.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 28.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 264.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 27.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 58 - 59. as Polyscias malosana

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 46.

Tennant, J.R. (1968). Araliaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 12 - 14. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 450 - 451. (Includes a picture).

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 154 - 155. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Polyscias fulva:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Polyscias fulva
Flora of Mozambique: Polyscias fulva
Flora of Zimbabwe: Polyscias fulva
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Polyscias fulva

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Polyscias fulva
African Plant Database: Polyscias fulva
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Polyscias fulva
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Polyscias fulva
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Polyscias fulva
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Polyscias fulva
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Polyscias fulva
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Polyscias fulva
iNaturalist: Polyscias fulva
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Polyscias fulva
JSTOR Plant Science: Polyscias fulva
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Polyscias fulva
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Polyscias fulva
Plants of the World Online: Polyscias fulva
The Plant List (version 1.1): Polyscias fulva
Tropicos: Polyscias fulva
Wikipedia: Polyscias fulva

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Polyscias fulva.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142900, retrieved 25 January 2020

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