515.000 Scleria Bergius

Description of the genus

Annual or perennial herbs. Culms ± triangular, leafy. Leaves linear to narrowly oblong. Sheaths closed. Spikelets bearing flowers of one or both sexes; the bisexual spikelets with one basal female and 1-few males above; female spikelet with 1 basal female and 1-2 empty scales or none, above; male spikelets with 1-numerous male flowers. Flowers unisexual, solitary in axils of the glumes, the lower 2-4 glumes empty. Perianth bristles 0. Male flowers consisting of 1-3 stamens. Female flowers with 3 stigmas, not enclosed in a utricle. Nutlet often white, grey or ± black, borne on a hypogynium. Hypogynium often triangular, widened out into a simple or 3-lobed disk or (rarely) a cupule or almost 0.

Worldwide: 200 species in tropical and warm regions

Zambia: 62 taxa.

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Links to taxa:     View: living plant images - herbarium specimen images - all images for this genus

SpeciesFZ divisionsProvincesContent
achtenii De Wild. Nw
adpresso-hirta (Kük.) E.A. Rob. Nw,N
adpressohirta (Kük.) E.A.Rob.
angustifolia E.A. Rob.Nw,Cb,N,C
arcuata E.A. Rob. Nw,N
bambariensis Cherm. var. bambariensis B,N,W,SN,Lk,S,W
bambariensis Cherm. var. b of Robinson
bequaertii De Wild. C
bulbifera Hochst. ex A.Rich.B,N,W,C,SNw,Mc,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
calcicola E.A. Rob.[DD]W,C,SCb,C,Lk,SDescription
catophylla C.B. ClarkeB,NN,WDescription, Image
chlorocalyx E.A. Rob. [DD]Nw,Lp,N
clathrata A.Rich. Cb
delicatula Nelmes [DD]Nw,N
distans Poir.N,WNw,Cb,N,McDescription, Image
dregeana KunthN,C,SMc,C,Lk,SDescription, Image
erythrorrhiza Ridl. NLp,NDescription, Image
flexuosa BoeckelerN,W,SNw,N,Mc,SDescription, Image
foliosa Hochst. ex A.Rich.C,SLk,SDescription, Image
fulvipilosa E.A. Rob. [DD]N
glabra Boeck. N,W,C,ENw,Cb,N,E,LkDescription, Image
globonux C.B. Clarke N,SN,SDescription, Image
gracillima Boeck. N,C,S
griegifolia (Ridl.) C.B. ClarkeNLp,NDescription, Image
hispidula A.Rich. Nw,N
induta Turrill Lp,N,W
iostephana Nelmes N,CLp,CDescription, Image
lacustris Sauvalle [DD]NNDescription, Image
lagoensis BoeckelerB,C,SLk,S,WDescription, Image
lateritica Nelmes Nw,Lp,S
laxiflora R. Gross N
lithosperma (L.) Sw. S
longispiculata Nelmes [DD]B,CC,WDescription, Image
lucentinigricans E.A. Rob. [DD]N
melanomphala KunthB,N,W,CNw,Lp,N,Mc,Lk,WDescription, Image
melanotricha A. Rich. WNwDescription, Image
mikawana Makino Nw,N
nyasensis C.B. ClarkeN,CLp,CDescription, Image
parvula Steud. N
patula E.A. Rob. [DD]Nw
paupercula E.A. Rob.N,W,CNw,N,Mc,LkDescription, Image
pergracilis (Nees) KunthN,C,SMc,Lk,SDescription, Image
polyrrhiza E.A. Rob. [DD]Nw,N
pooides Ridl.N,W,CNw,Lp,Mc,C,LkDescription, Image
porphyrocarpa E.A. Rob. Nw,Lp,N
procumbens E.A. Rob. [DD]Lp,N
pulchella Ridl. N,Mc
racemosa Poir.N,CN,Mc,LkDescription, Image
rehmannii C.B. ClarkeB,N,C,SLp,N,Mc,C,Lk,S,WDescription, Image
richardsiae E.A. Rob.Mc
schimperiana BoeckelerC,SLk,SDescription, Image
tessellata Willd. var. tessellata CLkDescription
tessellata Willd. var. sphaerocarpa E.A.Rob. Description, Image
tessellata Willd. [Agg]N,W,C,SNw,N,Lk,SDescription
unguiculata E.A. Rob. Nw,Cb,Lp,N
veseyfitzgeraldii E.A. Rob. Cb,N,W
welwitschii C.B. ClarkeN,C,SN,Mc,SDescription, Image
woodii C.B.Clarke var. woodii NapperC,SDescription, Image
woodii C.B. Clarke var. ornata (Cherm.) W. Schultze-MotelSSImage
woodii C.B. Clarke (1894)[Agg]B,C,SC,S,WDescription
xerophila E.A.Rob. [DD]Nw
zambesica E.A.Rob. [DD]Nw

Other sources of information about Scleria:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Scleria
Flora of Caprivi: Scleria
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Scleria
Flora of Malawi: Scleria
Flora of Mozambique: Scleria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Scleria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scleria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scleria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scleria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scleria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Scleria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scleria
JSTOR Plant Science: Scleria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scleria
Plants of the World Online: Scleria
Tropicos: Scleria
Wikipedia: Scleria

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Genus page: Scleria.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=291, retrieved 21 April 2024

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